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Peenemünde power plant

Peenemünde power plant

Power plant to produce rocket fuel

In Peenemünde, Germany, the Nazi rocket testing center, a coal-fired power plant was established in 1939 to enable the energy-intensive production of liquid oxygen - the fuel for the V2 rocket.

Three years later, the coal-fired power plant was put into operation, just in time to obey Adolf Hitler's order to start mass production of V2s.


The power station was located close to the banks of the Peenestrom, ideal for supplying coal. A crane lifted the coal from ships and dumped it onto a conveyor belt. This fed the coal to one of the four steam boilers in the power plant.

Two turbo generators generated 30 MW, two-thirds flowing to the liquid oxygen plant. The residual heat was used to heat offices.


Despite several Allied bombing raids on Peenemünde from 1943 onwards, the power plant remained unscathed. The V2 assembly itself was severely hit and moved to an underground complex near the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp in central Germany.

GDR Central

After the end of the Second World War, the coal-fired power station was renovated by the East German GDR. Electricity was produced there until 1990.

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